The National Agency for Food Safety (ANSES) advises against the consumption of energy drinks for children and adolescents. Pregnant women and nursing mothers should also avoid drinking.
- Redbull, Burn... these caffeine energy drinks are fashionable and children and adolescents no longer hesitate to consume: 18% of children from 3 to 10 years drink, according to a study by the European Food Safety Agency dating from 2013. A worrying increase for the National Food Safety Agency that sounded the alarm bell.
Disruption of sleep and addiction
- More sensitive than adults to caffeine, ANSES recalls that children who consume these drinks may be prone to sleep disorders, fatigue and daytime sleepiness. Caught in a vicious circle, they could then consume more to fight against this drowsiness causing addiction. The agency therefore advises against their use by children and adolescents, especially since it is established that poor sleep affects cognitive abilities and academic performance. It is also proven that a chronic sleep debt can cause somatic pathologies (hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes or obesity), but also anxiety and depression.
Growth retardation for the fetus
- Pregnant women and young breastfeeding mothers should also avoid consuming these energy drinks. Indeed, consumed during pregnancy, intrauterine growth retardation would be possible and, during lactation, caffeine could pass into breast milk and expose the child to risks.
- Recall that the consumption of a can The standard of so-called energizing drinks averages the caffeine equivalent of two espresso coffees (50 ml) or more than two (2.3) cans of cola soda (330 ml).
Also discouraged for athletes
41% of consumers of energy drinks do so during or after a sports activity. However, ANSES recalls that they have no nutritional interest in contrast to the drinks of the effort, sometimes called "energy drinks", whose nutritional composition is adapted to the practice of physical activity. Energy drinks could, in particular, cause dehydration.